The Discouragement of Elementary Mathematics: In General Education at Oxford, Considered in a Letter to the Rev. The Vice-Chancellor
Thomas Dyke Acland
It is with no little diffidence that I forward this Letter, which you have kindly allowed me to address to you. I am aware of the disadvantage under which anyone labours, who, not being familiar with the daily working of a system, comments on its details; and of the risk which he runs, if he not only points out apparent defects, but also suggests remedies.
Tuğçe Akyol and Havva Erdem
Bu çalışmada sınıf öğretmenlerinin sınıflarında en çok karşılaştıkları problemler; derste izin almadan konuşma ve öğretmeni derste dinlememe olarak belirlenmiştir.
TEACHERS’ NONVERBAL BEHAVIOR IN REPAIR INITIATION: LEANING FORWARD AND CUPPING THE HAND BEHIND THE EAR
Cihat Atar, Steve Walsh, and Paul Seedhouse
This study set out to investigate how leaning forward and cupping the hand behind the ear contribute to repair initiation in an English as a second language context depending on the doctorate thesis by Atar.
Conversation Analysis was utilized, and the emic perspective was implemented by focusing on how the interlocutors oriented to the phenomenon. The analysis has shown that leaning forward can itself initiate repair without any verbal prompts, which is a rare observation in the literature. The fact that it makes a self-initiation of repair by the students relevant indicates that they are understood as a repair initiation by the students. In this sense, it is argued here that the two nonverbal phenomena in this study have a systematic organization (as an action and sequentially), and they were oriented to in this way by the interlocutors
SUSTAINABILITY IN COMPULSORY ENGLISH CURRICULA FOR PRIMARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION: COMPETENCIES AND COMPONENTS
M. Pınar Babanoğlu and Reyhan Ağçam
This particular research is limited to the investigation of the primary and secondary English curricula in Turkey with respect to ESD competencies and components through content analysis technique. Further studies could explore these competencies in the curricula of other school subjects using different data collection instruments and analysis techniques.
Some alternative conceptions on these topics were found. Some suggestions for teacher education were given based on the results obtained in this study.
Osman Ferda Beytekin and Ahmet Burak
Eleştirel pedagojiyle daha demokratik, eşitlikçi ve adil bir öğrenme ortamı ve içeriği oluşturmaya çalışılmaktadır. Eleştirel pedagojide okuldaki eğitim ve öğretim ile mücadele edilen sorunlar, daha çok, okulun dışında görülen ırkçılık, sınıf ayrımcılığı, cinsiyet, kültürel baskı, ötekileştirme ve homofobi gibi genel sosyal sorunlardır. Eleştirel pedagoji bu sorunların çözümü için uğraşmakta, bilinç ve farkındalık yaratmaya çalışmaktadır.
Eleştirel pedagoji, okulun sosyo-politik ve tarihi yapısını eleştirmek ve anlamaya çalışmakla birlikte sadece okulun doğasını değil aynı zamanda daha geniş anlamada toplumları değiştirmeyi amaçlayan pedagojik uygulamalar geliştirmektedir. Eleştirel pedagojide okullar eleştirel bilginin üretim alanı olarak öğrencilerin içinde yaşadıkları dünyanın dogmalarına karşı çıkmasını sağlamalıdır. Okuldakiler de dahil olmak üzere baskıcı inanç ve uygulamaların sorgulanmasını sağlayan eleştirel bilincin gelişmesini hedeflemelidir. Okullar yaratıcı ve özgürleştirici toplumsal eylemin teşvik edilmesini önererek öğrencileri sosyal dönüşümün sağlayıcısı olarak yetiştirmelidir.
Edward Wilmot Blyden
A college in West Africa, for the education of African youth by African instructors, under a Christian government conducted by Negroes, is something so unique in the history on Christian civilization, that wherever, in the civilized world, the intelligence of the existence of such an institution is carriage there will be curiosity if not anxiety as to its character, its work, and its prospects. A college suited in all respects to the exigencies of this nation and to the needs of the race cannot come into existence all at once. It must be the result of years of experience, of trial, of experiment
In this context, the importance of open and distance education applications aiming to provide various educational options and to create different learning environments for individuals with different interests, needs, individual abilities, ages, educational levels, geographical and economic conditions, or educational disabilities for any reason increases.
In this context, it is understood that the content of the lessons is given faster in private schools and therefore the content given in eba or trt tv is given in advance in the private schools that are more advanced in terms of the acquisition. In this context, parents with synchronization problems tend to other channels.
YABANCI DİL OLARAK TÜRKÇE ÖĞRETİMİNDE GÖREV ALAN ÖĞRETMENLERİN ÖĞRETME MOTİVASYONLARININ VE TÜRKÇE ÖĞRETİMİ ÖZ YETERLİK ALGILARININ İNCELENMESİ
Halil Erdem Çocuk and Namık Kemal Şahbaz
Araştırmanın amacını, Mersin ilinde Yabancılara Türkçe öğreten öğretmenlerin öğretme motivasyonu ve Türkçe öğretimi öz yeterlik algılarının çeşitli değişkenlere göre incelenmesidir.
Sait Çüm and Elif Kübra Demir
In this section, we will try to look from different perspectives on validity by taking into account the studies and conceptual debates on validity from past to present in the light of positivist and post-positivistic paradigms. We will try to shape our predictions for the future on the universal knowledge that the history of science has presented to us. In other words, this section, in which we try to reach the roots rather than get lost in the branches of the tree, is the logbook of a journey on the philosophical foundations of measurement.
ENGLISH LANGUAGE INSTRUCTORS’ PERCEPTIONS OF LEARNER AUTONOMY: A CASE STUDY AT A STATE UNIVERSITY IN SRI LANKA
Panadarayalage Chinthana Sandaruwan Dayananda and Osman Erdem Yapar
In summary, the current study adapted from Borg and Al Busaidi explored teachers’ perceptions about LA in a public university in Sri Lanka and provided some valuable insights into this relatively less researched context.
Dilara Demirbulak, Simge Kambur, and Atilla Ergin
The studies examined in this research, doctoral theses, master theses, and the main subject of education and individual differences are limited to the sources and data reviews. In this sense, more comprehensive and detailed content analysis can be made for individual differences. In this sense, broader and more detailed content analysis could be made regarding individual differences. In the studies reviewed, the suggestions variable was not included in the current study since it was not available in every study and was not generalizable. It was revealed that the effects of individual differences in students' attitudes and achievements in the learning process have a positive meaning. This finding is important data for us to see the importance of the subject. Therefore, quantitative, qualitative, and mixed studies and quasi-experimental studies could be done in this field. The findings examined from the research results show that individuals have significant individual differences in learning characteristics. Traditional methods do not provide equal benefits for all individuals. Individual differences, quantity and quality problems in learning, the structure of teaching materials, the impossibility of having a mental knowledge level, and similar reasons require education according to the individual and his/her needs.
Çiğdem Elif Demirci Dönmez and Adem Dönmez
The obtained results in this study clearly indicates the enhancing effect of polymer coating on hyperthermia efficiency. In a very recent study, the efficiency of the niclosamide-loaded hyperbranched polymerfunctionalized magnetic nanoparticles on mediated hyperthermia and niclosamide (an anticancer drug) bimodel therapy were investigated . The results in this study indicated that polymerfunctionalized nanoparticles showed sufficient temperature gain for magnetic hyperthermia.
As the role of attitudes is well-established in the relevant literature, and the fact that foreign language attitudes are mostly shaped afterwards in the learning environment, there are some lessons that could be drawn. In this regard, teachers are the first and foremost determinants in the
formation of language attitudes in most countries. Thus, teachers need to make a foreign language an enjoyable learning and communication experience using more communicative methods that will enable students to get to know a different language and a different culture, rather than a lesson. It should not be forgotten that teacher attitudes towards foreign language and foreign language lesson are effective in the formation of students' attitudes towards foreign language and their self-efficacy perception about foreign language. The fact that foreign language teachers are the primary source directly related to the target language for students gives them a role in reducing the anxiety of students towards foreign language and creating positive attitudes.
Abdullah Nuri Dicle
The lexical meaning of loneliness is defined as the state of being distant from other people. Loneliness is a state of mind induced by weak interpersonal relationships and social interaction. Loneliness is a mood that also includes cognitive, affective and behavioral elements that reflect the desire to establish close relations with others. The desires of individuals regarding their relationships and the things they obtain from their current relationships are evaluated and analyzed at the cognitive level. Positive or negative (mostly negative) affections that individuals experience as a result of analyses and evaluations performed are included in the affective level. Behavioral level refers to the expression of these evaluations and affections in various ways
In spite of the advantages it provides especially for tertiary level students, taking a course online may turn out to be an anxious endeavour for EFL learners. While this apprehension is reported to be related to the very natural characteristics of the learning environment itself such as obligation of using computers and internet, it may also be associated with the online delivery mode of teaching/learning any course On the other hand, earlier anxiety experiences may account for a part of the anxiety the students develop in online settings. In this regard, this study identified that the foreign language anxiety Turkish EFL learners experienced earlier in their classroom learning could be associated with the anxiety developed in online environment; and the foreign language classroom anxiety predicts the online learning anxiety to a significant extent. To this end, the foreign language classroom anxiety scale and the online learning anxiety scale were conducted on 476 students taking an obligatory English language course online for the first time.
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE VIEWS OF THE PRE-SERVICE MATHEMATICS TEACHERS ON PROOF AND THEIR MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE
Multiple intelligence is one of the important individual differences of the students. However, there was no study to investigate the relationship between multiple intelligence of students and their views on proof as a result of the literature review. With the study to be done, it will be revealed which area of intelligence is related to the views on proof, and if there is a relationship, what will be the ratio of explaining the views of this relationship towards proof. Since it is known that the views on proof are related to their ability to prove, the results may contribute to the arrangement of teaching methods by taking into account individual differences in the teaching process. In this study, it is aimed to reveal the views of pre-service primary mathematics teachers on proof in the context of multiple intelligence. The questions that are sought to be answered in order to achieve this goal are given below.
* What is the level of pre-service mathematics teachers’ views on proof?
* What is the level of multi-intelligence of pre-service mathematics teachers?
* Are the pre-service mathematics teachers’ views on proof related to their multiple intelligence?
Durkheim a enseigné toute sa vie la pédagogie, en même temps que la sociologie. À la Faculté des lettres de Bordeaux, de 1887 à 1902, il a toujours donné, hebdomadairement, une heure de cours à la pédagogie. Ses auditeurs étaient surtout des membres de renseignement primaire. À la Sorbonne, c'est dans la chaire de Science de l'Éducation qu'en 1902 il suppléa, qu'en 1906 il remplaça M. Ferdinand Buisson. Jusqu'à sa mort, il y a réservé, à la pédagogie, un tiers au moins, et souvent les deux tiers de son enseignement: cours publics, conférences pour les membres de l'Enseignement primaire, cours aux élèves de l'École Normale Supérieure. Cette oeuvre pédagogique est presque entièrement inédite. Nul de ses auditeurs, sans doute, ne l'a embrassée dans toute son étendue. Nous voudrions ici la présenter en raccourci.
Susanne Charlotte Engelmann
There is reason to believe that the re-education of the German people may prove to be the most crucial factor in the preservation of world. peace for generations to come. The theory is no longer tenable that guilt for the outbreak of war and fox the unspeakable barbarities inflicted by Germany upon her neighbors and upon her own racial minorities rests only on the shoulders of a few hundred or a few thousand Nazi leaders. Instead, this guilt is shared in greater or lesser degree by a large proportion of the general population. The barbarities were so numerous and widespread—involving as they did the dispossession, torture, and mass murder of several million Jews and additional millions of Poles and other enslaved populations— that they could not have been inflicted without the active cooperation of a population deeply Imbued with racial hatred and dehumanized by fanatical acceptance of the Herrenwolk cult.
Daniel Robert Fearon
The following observations and suggestions on the inspection and examination of Elementary Schools, which were written, and are now printed, at the joint request of the Chairman of the School Board in one of the most populous boroughs in the kingdom, and of one of the members in Parliament for that borough, are based on the results of the experience of ten years
INVESTIGATION OF AWARENESS OF PARENTS IN THE PANDEMIC PROCESS AND THE PERSPECTIVES RELATED TO SCIENCE AND EDUCATION IN THIS PROCESS
In this study, a case study approach from qualitative research designs was used. Case study is a research method that is based on how and why questions and enables a detailed investigation of a phenomenon or event that the researcher cannot control. According to McMillan case study is a method in which one or more events, environment, social group or another interconnected system is examined in depth
The national and international analysis of the science course curricula would demonstrate that they mainly aim to train science literate individuals. Thus, students are expected to approach problems as a scientist using their scientific process skills and reach solutions to these problems
In this context, out-of-school learning environments that provide significant opportunities such as acquisition of expert knowledge, scientific inferences through on-site observations, and gaining experience by doing/living, which lead to a serious learning potential
Karl August Martin Hartmann
Wenn jemals ein Unterrichtsfach eine fröhlich aufstrebende und an fruchtbaren Anregungen reiche Entwickelnng durchgemacht hat, so ist es sicher der neusprachliche Unterricht unserer Tage, und der heutige Neu-philolog darf sich gliicklich schätzen, dass sein Los in die Jetztzeit herein-gefallen ist. So weit wir zurückblicken können in der Geschichte dieses Faches, giebt es keine Periode, die auch nur annähemd die Summe von Fortschritten aufzuweisen hätte, wie sie seit etwa fünfzehn Jahren auf diesem Gebiete zu verzeichnen sind. Yiele Aufgaben bleiben noch für die Zukunft ubrig, aber der Gesamteindruck drängt sich auch dem fliichtigen Beobachter auf, dass der neusprachliche Unterricht zu unserer Zeit eine unleugbare Wandlung zum Bessern erfahren hat, und dass er eine bedeutende Zukunft erhoffen darf. Vieles hat zusammengewirkt, um diesen
The following pages contain the footsteps of the author, walking to obtain a practical knowledge of English Etymology and Syntax. Having a dislike to the committing of tasks to memory, I became my own teacher; and my inquiries were not, how many parts of speech have we, and how many moods and tenses have verbs; but my inquiries were, what specific forms have those words (which change their forms) for the specific offices they perform; and what specific forms do verbs assume, for the specific businesses for which they are employed. If you perseveringly adopt the latter inquiries, the following pages may assist you to obtain answers.
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